Frequently asked questions
What regulation is in place at a European level to ensure safety across Europe?
The EU CCS Directive regulates both the exploration of storage sites and the storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) within Europe. The Directive ensures that geological formations will only be licensed for carbon dioxide storage if there is “no significant risk of leakage” and places considerable emphasis on selecting, characterising, risk-assessing and monitoring of storage sites to ensure permanent storage of carbon dioxide. A form of financial security is also required from operators at the outset.
How many CCS plants are there in operation globally? How much carbon dioxide are these plants capturing?
CCS plants are operational today. There are currently 8 operational commercial-scale CCS plants globally:
- Val Verde Natural Gas Plants (formerly Sharon Ridge) in Texas, U.S.A: operational since 1972 and capturing 1.3 million tonnes of CO2 annually
- Enid Fertilizer in Oklahoma, U.S.A: operational since 1982 and capturing 0.7 million tonnes of CO2 annually.
- Shute Creek Gas Processing Facility in Wyoming, United States: operational since 1986 and capturing 7 million tonnesof CO2 annually.
- Sleipner is in the North Sea, about 160 miles west of Stavanger, Norway: operational since 1996 and injecting over 1 million tonnes of CO2 annually.
- The Great Plains Synfuels plant and Weyburn-Midale Project in Saskatchewan, Canada: operational since 2000 and capturing 3 million tonnes of CO2 annually.
- In Salah is in central Algeria: operational since 2004 and injecting over 1 millions tonnes of CO2 annually
- The Snøvit plant in northern Norway: operational since 2008 and, at full production, the plant has a capture and storage capacity of 700,000 tonnes of CO2 per year.
- Century Plant (formerly Occidental Gas Processing Plant) in Texas, U.S.A: operational since 2010 and capturing 8.5 million tonnes of CO2 per year.
According to the Global CCS Institute, there were 74 large-scale integrated CCS projects identified around the world in 2011, 14 of which are either operating or under construction. The total CO2 storage capacity of these 14 projects is over 33 million tonnes a year.
To find out more about the planned and operational CCS projects in the world, view the annual report The Global Status of CCS, produced by the Global CCS Institute.