UK policy

Frequently asked questions

UK Policy

What regulations are in place to govern how CCS is developed?

The UK currently has a policy in place which requires that all new coal-fired power stations must be built with CCS on at least a proportion of their capacity. In addition, new thermal generating plants (coal, gas, biomass, oil) over 300MW must be designed as “Carbon Capture Ready” (CCR) when applying for a planning permit.

The “Directive 2009/31/EC of The European Parliament and of The Council of 23 April 2009 on the Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide”, otherwise known as the ‘EU CCS Directive’, sets out a legal framework for the safe geological storage of carbon dioxide and has been transposed into UK law.

In the UK, capture plant and pipelines will be regulated under the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974.

What is an Emissions Performance Standard?

An Emissions Performance Standard (EPS), as applied to a power station, regulates the carbon dioxide the plant can emit per unit of production.

The UK government is currently considering how to introduce an EPS in the UK. The UK government aims to introduce an EPS. The impact of the EPS will depend upon the level at which it is set. A high EPS might reinforce the current policy limiting new “unabated” coal-fired generating capacity; if set lower, it could drive CCS to be fitted to gas-fired generating capacity.


UK coastline

What is CCS?


Writing on whiteboard

Why CCS?