What is CCS?
Once captured, carbon dioxide (CO2) must then be transported by pipeline or ship for storage at a suitable site.
The technologies involved in pipeline transportation are the same as those used extensively for transporting natural gas, oil and many other fluids around the world.
In some cases it may be possible to re-use existing but redundant pipelines. Carbon dioxide is currently transported for commercial purposes by road tanker, ship and pipeline. Each CCS project would choose the most appropriate method for transporting carbon dioxide and be subject to planning and health and safety regulation. Large commercial networks of carbon dioxide pipelines have been in operation for more than 30 years with excellent safety and reliability records.
There is significant potential for the development of local and regional CCS pipeline infrastructure, leading to CCS "clusters" where CO2-intensive industries could locate. Developing clusters, where infrastructure can be shared by a number of industrial sources of carbon dioxide emissions, will result in the most cost-effective way to deliver CCS infrastructure development and ultimately lower costs to consumers.