CCS uses established technologies to capture, transport and store carbon dioxide emissions from large point sources, such as power stations. It also has an important role to play to ensure manufacturing industries, such as steel and cement, can continue to operate, without the associated emissions.
CCS is a key tool in tackling climate change, providing energy security, creating jobs and economic prosperity.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) states that CCS could reduce global carbon dioxide emissions by 19%, and that fighting climate change could cost 70% more without CCS.
From its base in London the Carbon Capture & Storage Association brings together specialist companies in manufacturing & processing, power generation, engineering & contracting, oil, gas & minerals as well as a wide range of support services to the energy sector such as law, finance, consultancy and project management.
The Association is a model for sectoral cooperation in business development and its existence is welcomed by government.
In principle the injection of carbon dioxide into geological formations can lead to earthquakes but these would be very small, similar in size to those experienced when a large water reservoir is filled or emptied. They would probably be undetectable by human beings, particularly in the case of the UK where the injection would take place under the North Sea.
CCS, or Carbon Capture and Storage, is a low carbon technology which captures carbon dioxide (CO2) from the burning of coal and gas for power generation, and from the manufacturing of steel, cement and other industrial facilities. The carbon dioxide is then transported by either pipeline or ship, for safe and permanent underground storage, preventing it from entering the atmosphere and contributing to anthropogenic climate change.
The CCSA welcomes today's publication of the CCS Cost Reduction Taskforce final report on The Potential for Reducing the Costs of CCS in the UK. The Final Report presents to Government what the Task Force has identified as Agreed Actions and recommended Next Steps to achieve the cost reductions and develop the CCS industry in the UK.