CCUS in Action


CCUS in the UK

The UK has advanced CCUS proposals in all of its major industrial regions including; Scotland, Teesside, Yorkshire and Humber, the North West and South Wales. These projects can begin operating in the 2020s and will provide the foundation upon which CCUS can be deployed at the scale required to achieve net zero.


7CO2: The Severnside Carbon Capture and Shipping Hub

7CO2 is a carbon capture hub at Avonmouth Dock which will link by pipeline and rail to regional large emitters of CO2, allowing them to introduce carbon capture at their facilities for onward shipping from Avonmouth to long term geological storage.
Acorn CCS

The Acorn Project aims to facilitate the decarbonisation of vital aspects of daily life, tackling greenhouse gas emissions at work, home, and in leisure activities. It focuses on two main projects: Acorn CCS and Acorn Hydrogen.

Acorn CCS repurposes existing oil and gas infrastructure to transport captured industrial CO2 emissions from the Scottish Cluster to deep-sea storage. This system benefits industries in the Central Belt and North-East Scotland, providing a solution for emitters without immediate storage access. Meanwhile, Acorn Hydrogen, located near the St Fergus gas terminal, converts North Sea natural gas into hydrogen, with captured CO2 emissions sent for geological storage, thus promoting cleaner energy practices.
East Coast Cluster


By its strength in diversity, the East Coast Cluster stands ready to remove 50% of the UK’s industrial cluster CO2 emissions, protect thousands of jobs and establish the region as a globally-competitive climate-friendly hub for industry and innovation.

The UK needs to use every possible technology to green our economy. It must decarbonise industry to achieve its target of net zero emissions by 2050. And nearly half of carbon emissions from UK industrial clusters come from Britain’s historic engine room: Teesside and the Humber.

The East Coast Cluster is now actively bringing together communities, business, industry and academia to deliver the CCS infrastructure needed to decarbonise this key industrial heartland of the UK.

Track-1 Projects:

  • Net Zero Teesside Power
  • bpH2Teesside
  • Teesside Hydrogen CO2Capture
South Wales Industrial Cluster

South Wales is the second largest industrial emitter in the UK, releasing the equivalent of 16 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per year across industry and energy generation.

Founded in 2019, the aim of SWIC is to develop a world leading, truly sustainable Industrial Cluster to tackle this — and help achieve South Wales’ wider societal, economic, and environmental needs for 2030, 40, 50 and beyond.

To achieve this, SWIC believes in the power of collaboration. The team oversees a wide range of sustainable partner projects, while undertaking wider strategic work to support the creation of partner-led Clean Growth Hubs.

Each project aims to proactively decarbonise industry in south Wales by harnessing the region’s abundant resources and optimising the existing gas and electricity infrastructure. This approach sees SWIC and its partners explore prospects for everything from low-carbon power generation to carbon capture usage and storage (CCUS), enable by CO2 shipping.

The implementation of the latter has the potential to add £18.9bn of GVA to the Welsh Economy, compared to the counter factual, i.e. continued de-industrialisation of the cluster
HyNet North West

[Track-1 + Track-1 Expansion]

HyNet North West aids the UK’s industrial decarbonisation efforts, promising a low-carbon future for the region. Positioned to significantly reduce carbon emissions by a quarter starting in the mid-2020s, HyNet achieves this through innovative methods. It locks away CO₂ from heavy industries and supplies locally-produced low-carbon hydrogen for various applications, including industry, transportation, and heating homes and businesses. This initiative not only fosters energy security but also generates new job opportunities, safeguards existing roles, and enhances skill sets, attracting vital investment into the region. HyNet emerges as a cornerstone in unlocking a sustainable future while addressing the challenges of hard-to-reach sectors.

Track-1 Projects:

  • Hanson Padeswood Cement Works Carbon Capture and Storage Project
  • Viridor Runcorn Industrial CCS
  • Protos Energy Recovery Facility
  • Buxton Lime Net Zero
  • HyNet Hydrogen Production Plant 1 (HPP1)

Track-1 Expansion Projects:

  • In December 2023, the UK Government opened a call for applications for CCUS projects wishing to connect to the HyNet cluster by 2030, and has received a total of 14 applications. Successful projects are expected to be announced from Autumn 2024.
Peak Cluster

Peak Cluster is a collaboration of four UK leading cement and lime producers – Tarmac, Breedon, Lhoist and Aggregate Industries, alongside Lostock Sustainable Energy Plant and Progressive Energy, a low carbon energy developer.

Utilising CCS, Peak Cluster decarbonises 40% of the UK’s cement and lime industry, sustainably producing materials essential for construction of critical infrastructure whilst reducing CO₂ emissions from Derbyshire and Staffordshire by almost 25%.

In partnership with MNZ, captured CO₂ will be locked away in potentially the largest of the UK’s undersea stores.

The project will boost the regional and national economy, generating £180 million GVA every year, safeguarding over 2,100 existing jobs and creating a further 1,500 roles throughout the construction and lifetime of the project.
Repowering the Black Country

The Black Country is pioneering a shift towards clean manufacturing and aims to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2030. Spearheaded by the Black Country Consortium and Camirus Ltd., the Repowering the Black Country project, supported by the Industrial Decarbonisation Challenge (IDC), is developing a comprehensive blueprint to achieve this goal. Despite challenges posed by the region’s diverse and relatively small-scale manufacturing enterprises, efforts are underway to address energy consumption and carbon emissions across its 3,000 manufacturers, marking a significant step towards sustainable industrial practices.
Bacton Thames Net Zero

Bacton Thames Net Zero (BTNZ) is a collaborative initiative involving multiple entities committed to decarbonizing power and industrial processes in the Bacton and Thames regions. By capturing, transporting, and storing a minimum of 10 million tonnes of CO₂ annually into the Hewett depleted gas field, BTNZ aims to drive substantial emissions reduction. Its objectives encompass decarbonization across sectors like automotive, ceramics, and energy, leveraging interconnecting pipelines for both domestic and international CO₂ storage. Anchored around the Hewett depleted gas field, BTNZ seeks to identify regional synergies, supporting the UK’s ambitious energy transition strategy targeting 20-30 million tonnes of annual CO₂ capture by 2030.
The Scottish Cluster

The Scottish Cluster unites our communities, industries and businesses to deliver CCS, hydrogen and other low carbon technologies, supporting Scotland, the UK and Europe to meet net zero goals. The Scottish Cluster will create low carbon jobs while sustaining vital industries where it is hard to reduce emissions.

The Scottish Cluster has a clear roadmap, ready access to key infrastructure and a series of CO2 reduction projects aligned to the countries net zero goals. With the potential to address up to 9 million tonnes of CO2 that currently comes from the top emitting sectors in Scotland, the Scottish Cluster also establishes a very large CO2 transportation and storage solution. This includes shipping CO2 through Scottish Ports crucial to reducing industrial emissions from areas around the UK, and even Europe, that need access to CO2 transport and storage facilities.
Morecambe Net Zero

Morecambe Net Zero (MNZ) has the potential to be one of the largest carbon stores in the UK and Europe, offering industrial emitters a world-leading decarbonisation solution while creating new green jobs and investment opportunities across the North West.

The store will accept CO₂ by pipeline, ship and rail, and secure the future of thousands of jobs in carbon-intensive industries across the UK. MNZ’s strategic position in the North West of England means that emitters from the industrial heartlands in the most remote corners of the UK will be able to access a low-cost storage solution that can assist in achieving their Net Zero goals.
The Solent Cluster

The Solent Cluster partnership represents a once-in-a-generation opportunity for communities, the region, and the UK and can affect real change in energy production and consumption. The cluster will play a fundamental role in the world’s fight against climate change, enabling the UK to reach Net Zero emissions by 2050.
Viking CCS


Viking CCS is a CCS initiative in the Viking area of the southern North Sea, particularly in the industrially dense Humber region of the UK. Designed to significantly curb CO₂ emissions, it offers a comprehensive solution covering capture, transportation, and storage. This project not only aids in achieving net zero targets by 2050 but also bolsters energy security and economic growth. With impressive figures like 10,000 potential jobs, 10 million tonnes of CO₂ captured annually by 2030, and £7 billion investment, Viking CCS emerges as a vital player in the transition to a low-carbon future, especially benefiting the Humber region.

CCUS Around The World

CCUS is well established technology – in fact, capturing and storing CO2 from industrial processes has been done in Europe since 1996. Globally, a portfolio of large-scale CCUS projects is in operation, capturing emissions from multiple sectors including; power generation, hydrogen production, cement manufacturing and gas processing.