Permanent CO2 storage plays a key role in Europe’s climate change mitigation efforts. Today we see market-ready projects being developed across depleted oil and gas fields in the North Sea. These projects, such as Porthos or Northern Lights, are forerunners for many more that must still be developed to ensure we achieve climate neutrality. But the success of these projects relies on clear guidance that provides operators with regulatory certainty. The lessons learned by today’s projects can provide valuable guidance for public authorities and future CO2 storage projects.
Learning and sharing experience, as well as promoting best practices, will be crucial as the European Commission updates its Guidance Documents for the Directive on the geological storage of CO2. This implies a clear approach to the functional requirements for effective CO2 storage: guidance should be simple, and public authorities need to engage early and often with CCS projects, enhance cooperation and communication among stakeholders.